Today, the U.S. coal fleet is made up of more than 500 electric generating units that total roughly 200,000 megawatts (MW) of electric generating capacity.
In 2021, coal supplied 22 percent of total U.S. electricity. Coal is projected to supply 21 percent in 2022 and 20 percent in 2023.
0 States
Last year, 44 states relied on coal for electricity. Coal produced at least half the electricity in eight states and 30 percent or more in 17 states.
0B Tons
The U.S. has over 252 billion tons of recoverable coal reserves. That’s more than 450 years of coal at current production levels.

Two-thirds of the coal fleet is located in ISO/RTO regions:

  • Midcontinent Independent System Operator (MISO) … 55,000 MW
  • PJM … 49,000 MW
  • Southwest Power Pool (SPP) … 22,500 MW
  • Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) … 13,600 MW

The price of coal is expected to remain low and relatively unchanged next year. But coal plant closures expose consumers to higher and volatile natural gas prices.

0% +
More than 60 percent of the U.S. coal fleet that existed in 2010 has retired or announced plans to retire by 2030.
0% +
Coal provided 50% or more of the electricity in 8 states, more than 30% in 17 states.
Between 2022 and 2030, 86,000 MW of coal are announced to retire.
0 M Tons
Over 500 million tons of coal were consumed for electricity production last year.
The U.S. electric sector has reduced carbon emissions by 33 percent since 2005.

* EIA Electric Data Browser
** EIA, U.S. Coal Reserves